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Grave of Abdullah ibn Ja'far Al-Tayyar (R.A)


In Damascus, the Mazar Mubarak Hazrat Abdullah ibn Ja'far Al-Tayyar (R.A), the son of Hazrat Ja'far ibn Abu Talib and the nephew, and son-in-law of Hazrat Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (R.A).

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Ja'far (R.A) married to Sayyidah Zainab ibn Ali (R.A). Hazrat Ali (R.A) felt a great affection for his daughter and nephew and when he became the Caliph of the Muslims and moved from Medina to Kufa, Hazrat Zainab and Hazrat Abdullah (R.A) joined him. Hazrat Zainab bore four boys and two girls by the names: Ali ibn Abdullah , Mohammad ibn Abdullah - martyred on the lands of Karbala, Aun ibn Abdullah - martyred on the lands of Kerbala and Abbas ibn Abdullah , and two girls. (R.A).
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Maymuna bint al-Harith (RA)

Maymuna bint al-Harith, (may Allah be pleased with her), married the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in 7 AH, when the Prophet was sixty years old and she was thirty six years old. Maymuna's sister, Umm al-Fadl Lubaba, was the mother of Abdullah ibn Abbas, the son of one of the uncles of the Prophet and the one of the wisest of his Companions. Umm al-Fadl was one of the earliest Companions of the Prophet. Once Abu Lahab, the enemy of Allah and the Messenger of Allah, entered the house of his brother, al-Abbas, and proceeded to attack Abbas client, Abu Rafi, because he had embraced Islam. Abu Lahab knocked him to the ground and knelt on him, continuing to beat him. Umm al Fadl grabbed a post that was there and cracked it across Abu Lahab's head, saying,
Will you victimize him because his master is absent?
He treated in shame and died a week later.

Zaynab bint Khuzayma, Umm al Muminin, was also her half-sister. Her other sisters included Asma bint Umays, the wife of Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, who later married Abu Bakr, and Salma bint Umays, the wife of Hamza, the "Lion of Allah". Her full sisters were Lubaba, Asma and Izza. Maymuna was thus one of the 'Ahlul- Bayt' , 'the people of the House', not only by virtue of being a wife of the Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) but also because she was related to him. Zayd bin Arqam related that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

I implore you by Allah! The People of my House!" three times. Zayd was asked who were the People of the House, and he said, "The family of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the family of Jafar ibn Abi Talib, the family Aqil ibn Abi Talib, and the family of Al Abbas ibn Abdal Muttalib.

Maymuna or Barra as she was then called, yearned to marry the Prophet. She went to her sister, Umm al Fadl to talk to her about that and she, in turn, spoke to her husband, al-Abbas. Al-Abbas immediately went to the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) with Maymuna's offer of marriage to him and her proposal was accepted. When the good news reached her, she was on a camel, and she immediately got off the camel and said, "The camel and what is on it is for the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)." They were married in the month of Shawwal in 7 AH just after the Muslims of Medina were permitted to visit Mecca under the terms of the treaty of Hudaybiyya to perform umra. Allah Almighty sent the following ayat about this:
Any believing woman who dedicates herself to the Prophet if the Prophet wishes to wed her, that is only for thee and not for the believers. (Quran 33:50)
The Prophet gave her the name, Maymuna, meaning "blessed", and Maymuna lived with the Prophet for just over three years, until his death. She was obviously very good natured and got on well with everyone, and no quarrel or disagreement with any of the Prophet's other wives has been related about her. 'A'isha said about her, "Among us, she had the most fear of Allah and did the most to maintain ties of kinship." It was in her room that the Prophet first began to feel the effects of what became his final illness and asked the permission of his wives to stay in A'isha's room while it lasted.

After the Prophet's death, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) Maymuna continued to live in Medina for another forty years, dying at the age of eighty, in 51 AH, (may Allah be pleased with her), being the last of the Prophet's wives to die. She asked to be buried where had married the Prophet at Saraf and her request was carried out. It is related that at the funeral of Maymuna, Ibn Abbas said,

This is the wife of Allah's Messenger, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) so when you lift her bier, do not shake her or disturb her, but be gentle.
It is also related by Ibn Abbas that he once stayed the night as a guest of Maymuna, who was his aunt, and the Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) They slept on their blanket lengthways and he slept at the end, crossways. After they had all slept for awhile, the Prophet rose in the middle of the night to pray the tahajjud prayer, and Ibn Abbas joined him.

They both did wudu, and he prayed eleven rakats with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Then they both went back to sleep again until dawn. Bilal called the adhan, and the Prophet did another two short rakats, before going into the mosque to lead the Dawn Prayer.

Ibn Abbas said that one of the dua'ahs that the Prophet made during this night was :

O Allah, place light in my heart, light in my tongue, light in my hearing, light on my sight, light behind me, light in front of me, light on my right, light on my left, light above me and light below me; place light in my sinew, in my flesh, in my blood, in my hair and in my skin; place light in my soul and make light abundant for me; make me light and grant me light.
It is commonly agreed that it was after the Prophet had married Maymuna, giving him now nine wives (A'isha, Sawda, Hafsa, Umm Salama, Zainab bint Jahsh, Juwayriyya, Umm Habiba, Safiyya and Maymuna), that the following ayat was revealed:
It is not lawful for you (O Muhammad, to marry more) women after this, nor to exchange them for other wives, even though their beauty is pleasing to you, except those whom your right hand possesses (as maid servants); and Allah is always watching over everything. (Quran 33:52)
After this, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not marry again. When however, the Christian ruler, or Muqawqis, of Egypt, sent him two Christian slave girls 0 who were sisters as a gift (in response to the Prophet's letter inviting him to embrace Islam), along with a fine robe and some medicine the Prophet, accepted one of the slave girls, Maria, into his household; he gave her sister Serene, to a man whom he wished to honor, namely Hassan ibn Thabit; he accepted the robe; and he returned the medicine with the message, "My Sunna is my medicine!" This occurred in 7 AH, when the Prophet was sixty years old and Maria was twenty years old.
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Tomb of Zaid-bin-Haritha (R.A.)


Tomb of Zaid-bin-Haritha (R.A.) - Jordan


This is the tomb of Zaid-bin-Haritha (R.A.), the first amir appointed by the Prophet (s.a.w.) to lead the Muslim army in the battle of Mu’ta.

Zaid (R.A.) was the first to embrace Islam after Ali (R.A.). When still a small child he was traveling in a caravan when it was attacked by the tribe of Banu Qais. He was taken as a slave and sold in Makkah to Hakim-bin-Hizam who purchased him for his aunt Khadijah (R.A.), who offered him as a present to the Prophet (S.A.W.) at the time of her marriage to him. Zaid’s father was in immense grief at the loss of his son and roamed about in search of him. Zaid met some people of his clan during their pilgrimage to Makkah and sent a letter to his father assuring him that he was quite well and happy with his noble master. Zaid’s father and uncle came to Makkah with sufficient money to ransom Zaid and approached the Prophet (S.A.W.) to free him so they could take him back. The Prophet (S.A.W.) gave Zaid the free choice to go back with his father but he refused saying, “How can I prefer anybody else to you? You are everybody for me, including my father and uncle.” On this the Prophet (S.A.W.) took Zaid in his lap and said, “From today, I adopt Zaid as my son.” Zaid’s father and uncle were quite satisfied with the situation and gladly left Zaid with the Prophet (S.A.W.).

Zaid (R.A.) is the only companion (Sahabi) of the Prophet (S.A.W.) mentioned by name in the Quran which concerned his divorce from Zainab (R.A.):

So when Zaid had dissolved (his marriage) with her, We gave her unto thee in marriage. [Quran 33:37]
Zaid (R.A.) passed away at the age of 55
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Grave of Hazrat Abdullah


 Grave of Hazrat Abdullah, Father of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
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Tomb of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Gillani


Tomb of Ghaus e Azam, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Gillani in Baghdad, Iraq
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Burial place of Al-Harrah martyrs




Red dotted rectangular place in Janat al baqi is actually the burial place of Al-Harrah martyrs. Very few people knows the importance of Al-harrah Battle which was really a painful history for Muslims.

Al-harrah Battle (683 CE) was fought at al-Harrah and inside City of Madinah between the Umayyad army commanded by Muslim bin Uqbah and people of Madinah as a reaction to Madinites decision to expel the Umayyad Governor of Madina appointed by Yazid ibn Muawiyah (The 2nd Umayyad Caliph). The Syrian army looted the city for three bloody days. Muslim bin Uqbah was henceforth known as Musrif meaning he who exceeded all bounds of propriety and offended women and the girls. During this battle, Prayers could not be observed for three days in Nabvi Mosque. After Madina Yazid army invaded over Makkah and threw stones on Holy Kabba. Siege of Yazid army continued for two months. At last nature came in action and Almighty Allah took HIS silent revenge and Yazid fell ill seriously and eventually died. Yazid forces had to go back without taking any further cruel action.
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Fasting in Muharram; Significance of the month.


Muharram is one of the four sacred months. Abu Bakr (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said: 
The year is twelve months of which four are sacred, the three consecutive months of Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab Mudar which comes between Jumaada and Sha’baan. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 2958).
Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein… [al-Tawbah 9:36]
It was reported that Ibn ‘Abbaas said that this phrase (so wrong not yourselves therein…) referred to all the months, then these four were singled out and made sacred, so that sin in these months is more serious and good deeds bring a greater reward.

Qatadah said concerning this phrase that wrongdoing during the sacred months is more serious and more sinful that wrongdoing at any other time. Wrongdoing at any time is a serious matter, but Allah gives more weight to whichever of His commands He will. Allah has chosen certain ones of His creation. He has chosen from among the angels Messengers and from among mankind Messengers. He chose from among speech the remembrance of Him (dhikr). He chose from among the earth the mosques, from among the months Ramadaan and the sacred months, from among the days Friday and from among the nights Laylat al-Qadr, so venerate that which Allah has told us to venerate. People of understanding and wisdom venerate the things that Allah has told us to venerate. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer).

 

FASTING IN MUHARRAM 


In this month the 10th day (Ashura) was one which Rasoolallah (SAW) recommended fasting on. Ibn Abbas reported:
The Prophet came to Madinah and found the Jews fasting the day of Ashura. He asked them: "Why are you fasting this day?" They said: "This is a great day. Allah saved Mousa (Moses) and the tribes of Israel from their enemies on this day and therefore Mousa fasted on it. "The Prophet said: "We have more of a right to Mousa than you." So he fasted on that day also and ordered the people to fast on that day. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
When the Prophet (SAW) fasted the day of Ashura, the people told him that this day is a day that Jews and Christians honor. The Prophet said:
When the following year comes, Allah willing, we shall fast both the ninth and the tenth day of Muharram (that is to be different from the Jews and the Christians.) The Prophet (SAW) died before the following year. [Muslim].
A version narrated by Imaam Ahmad adds:
This is the day on which the Ark settled on Mount Joodi, so Nooh fasted this day in thanksgiving.
The blessed month of Muharram was mentioned in the following hadith: Abu Hurairah reported:
I asked the Prophet: "Which prayer is best after the obligatory prayers?" He said: "Prayer during the middle of the night." I asked: "Which fast is best after the fast of Ramadhan?" He said: "Fasting during the month of Muharram. [Muslim].
It was also reported that the Prophet (SAW) used to fast on ‘Aashooraa’ in Makkah, before he migrated to Madeenah. When he migrated to Madeenah, he found the Jews celebrating this day, so he asked them why, and they replied as described in the hadeeth quoted above. He commanded the Muslims to be different from the Jews, who took it as a festival, as was reported in the hadeeth of Abu Moosa (RA), who said:
The Jews used to take the day of ‘Aashooraa’ as a festival [In a hadith collected in Sahih Muslim: the Jews of Khaybar used to take it as a festival and their women would wear their jewellery and symbols on that day]. The Prophet (SAW) said: ‘So you [Muslims] should fast on that day.’ (Reported by al-Bukhaari).
Apparently the motive for commanding the Muslims to fast on this day was the desire to be different from the Jews, so that the Muslims would fast when the Jews did not, because people do not fast on a day of celebration. (Paraphrased al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (rh) from Fath al-Bari).

Al-‘Izz ibn ‘Abd al-Salaam (rh) said: “Times and places may be given preferred status in two ways, either temporal or religious/spiritual. With regard to the latter, this is because Allah bestows His generosity on His slaves at those times or in those places, by giving a greater reward for deeds done, such as giving a greater reward for fasting in Ramadaan than for fasting at all other times, and also on the day of ‘Aashooraa’, the virtue of which is due to Allah’s generosity and kindness towards His slaves on that day…” (Qawaa’id al-Ahkaam, 1/38).

Ibn Qudaamah (rh) said:‘Aashooraa’ is the tenth day of Muharram. This is the opinion of Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyib and al-Hasan. It was what was reported by Ibn ‘Abbaas, who said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) commanded us to fast ‘Aashooraa’, the tenth day of Muharram.’ (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, who said, a saheeh hasan hadeeth). It was reported that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: ‘The ninth,’ and reported that the Prophet (SAW) used to fast the ninth. (Reported by Muslim). ‘Ataa’ reported that he said, ‘Fast the ninth and the tenth, and do not be like the Jews.’ If this is understood, we can say on this basis that it is mustahabb (encouraged) to fast on the ninth and the tenth, for that reason. This is what Ahmad said, and it is the opinion of Ishaaq.”

 

VIRTUES OF FASTING ASHOORA 

Ibn ‘Abbaas (RA) said:
I never saw the Messenger of Allah (SAW) so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other than this day, the day of ‘Aashooraa’, and this month, meaning Ramadaan. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 1867).
Furthermore, Rasoolallah (SAW) said:
For fasting the day of ‘Aashooraa’, I hope that Allah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before. (Reported by Muslim, 1976).
This is from the bounty of Allah towards us: for fasting one day He gives us expiation for the sins of a whole year. And Allah is the Owner of Great Bounty.

Imaam al-Nawawi (rh) said regarding this day:

It expiates for all minor sins, i.e., it brings forgiveness of all sins except major sins.
'Abdullah bin 'Umar (RA) reported:
People of pre-Islamic days used to observe Fast on the Day of 'Ashura' and the Messenger of Allah (SAW) observed it and the Muslims too (observed it) before Fasting in Ramadan became obligatory. But when it became obligatory, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: 'Ashura' is one of the days of Allah, so if you wish you may fast on that day otherwise you may abandon it. (Sahih Muslim, 1901)

 

 FASTING THE NINTH MUHARRAM (Taasoo’aa’)

‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Abbaas (RA) said:
When the Messenger of Allah (SAW) fasted on ‘Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.’ The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, ‘If I live to see the next year, InshaAllah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’ But it so happened that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) passed away before the next year came. (Reported by Muslim, 1916).
Al-Shafi and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaaq and others said:
It is mustahab to fast on both the ninth and tenth days, because the Prophet (SAW) fasted on the tenth, and intended to fast on the ninth.
Al-Nawawi (rh) said: “The scholars – our companions and others – mentioned several reasons why it is mustahab to fast on Taasoo’aa’:
  1. The intention behind it is to be different from the Jews, who only venerate the tenth day. This opinion was reported from Ibn ‘Abbaas…
  2. The intention is to add another day’s fast to ‘Aashooraa’. This is akin to the prohibition on fasting a Friday by itself, as was mentioned by al-Khattaabi and others.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS CONCERNING ASHURA

With the exception of the Martyrdom of Sayyiduna Imam-e-Hussain (radi Allahu anhu) there are also various other incidents which occurred on Yaum-e-Ashurah. It is also for those reasons that this day has received such excellence.
  • It was on this day that the Skies earth and the Lauw-e-Qalam came into existence.
  • It was on this day that Hazrat Adam (alaihis salaam) and Hazrat Hawa were created.
  • Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) accepted the repentance of Sayyidina Adam ('Alaihis-Salaam) after his exile from Paradise.
  • Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) saved Sayyidina Nuh ('Alaihis-Salaam) and his companions in the ark.
  • Allah extinguished the fire in which Sayyidina Ibrahim ('Alaihis-Salaam) was thrown by Nimrod and Hazrat Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) received the status of Khaleelullah.
  • And Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) spoke directly to Sayyidina Musa ('Alaihis-Salaam) and gave him the Commandments.
  • Sayyidina Yusuf ('Alaihis-Salaam) was reunited with his father Ya’qub ('Alaihis-Salaam) after 40 years.
  • Hazrat Idrees (alaihis salaam) was raised into the skies.
  • On this same 10th of Muharram, Sayyidina Ayyub ('Alaihis-Salaam) was restored to health (from leprosy).
  • Sayyidina Yunus ('Alaihis-Salaam) was released from the belly of the fish.
  • Sayyidina Dawud ('Alaihis-Salaam) was forgiven.
  • The kingdom of Sayyidina Sulaiman ('Alaihis-Salaam) was restored.
  • The sea was divided as the nation of israel was delivered from captivity and Pharoah’s army was destroyed.
  • Sayyidina Isa ('Alaihis-Salaam) was raised to Jannah.
  • Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) made Nikah to Hazrat Bibi Khadija (radi Allahu anha).
  • It is on this day that Qiyamat will occur.
Worship Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) as much as you can on ‘Ashura. Whoever fasts on this day is like one who fasts all his life. Whoever clothes a naked person Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) will release him from a painful punishment. He who visits a sick person, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) will grant him a reward that will not be decreased. Whoever places his hand on an orphan’s head, or feeds a hungry person or gives water to a thirsty man, Allah will feed him a feast from Paradise and will quench his thirst with Salsabil (a wine that does not intoxicate). Whoever provides generously for his family on this day, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) will be generous to him throughout this year. And whoever applies Kuhl to his eyes will never suffer from eye-sore again, inSha’Allah al-Aziz.
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Grave of Syedna Qasim R.A



 Grave of Syedna Qasim R.A in small square (Son of Hazrat Khadija RA and Prophet Muhammad PBUH) — at Janna tul Mualla.
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Tomb of Abu Darda (R.A.)




Tomb of Abu Darda (R.A.) in Syria


This tomb in Damascus belongs to Abu Darda (R.A.), an eminent companion of the Prophet (S.A.W.). His wife Umm al-Darda is also buried close to him.
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Grave of Eve



Grave of Eve (Hawwa) - Jeddah, KSA.

In arabic "JEDH" means ' The grand mother' and the name of the city Jeddah as been derived from such word. The reason of this fact is that the mother of whole universe ---the first lady of human history ---syeda Hawa( The eve) has beeen lying to rest in the center city of Jeddah.
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